Improving quality of life for the differently abled Children & Adults

Developmental Milestones

Developmental milestones are physical or behavioral signs of development or maturation of infants and children.

This brochure provides an overview of these milestones from birth to age five in the areas of gross motor, fine motor, speech, and social and emotional development. Gross motor skills use large muscles and involve large mo

vements of the arms, legs, or entire body. Examples include crawling, walking, running, and jumping. Fine motor skills involve small movements of the hands, fingers, lips, and tongue. Examples of fine motor skills include grasping a rattle, stacking blocks, writing, and using scissors. Speech development involves receptive and expressive language; what a child understands (receptive) and what they can say (expressive).

As you review the developmental milestones listed here it is important to remember that each child will develop at his/her own pace. For example, a child will typically begin walking independently around 12 months of age. However, the “normal” range for achieving independent walking is anywhere from 8 to 18 months of age. Just because your child has not achieved every single milestone listed for a given month is not a reason to panic. On the other hand, if you notice that your child is delayed in meeting a significant number of these milestones it is important to discuss your concerns with your pediatrician for a therapy evaluation referral.

REFERENCES
ADVANCE for Speech-Language Pathologists & Audiologists January 14, 2008 American Academy of Pediatrics Medical Library and the Department of Medical Assistance Services of Virginia,
http://dmasva.dmas.virginia.gov/Content_atchs/ltc/ltc-wvr_mf1.pdfHawaii Early Learning Profile (HELP charts Birth -3 years and 3 years-6 years). Copyright 1994-2004 by VORT Corporation

Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2nd edition (PDMS-2) Copyright 2000 by Pro-Ed Inc.

Villa Esperanza Speech and Language Center Speech and Language Development Handout. Pasadena, California.

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